- Ice Cave Near The Mutnovsky Volcano, Russia - Ice caves like these form in the glaciers surrounding the Mutnovsky Volcano in Russia. Some of them are formed by vents that release volcanic heat and gases called fumaroles. (photo by Florian Wizorek)
- Glowworms Cave, New Zealand - The Waitomo glowworm caves are home to a unique insect – the glowworm. These insects hang glistening silken strands from the ceiling of the cave and glow to attract unsuspecting prey. (photo by waitomo.com)
- Son Doong Cave, Vietnam - This is the largest currently known cave in the world. It is filled with countless wonders including isolated ecosystems, weather systems and geological formations. (photo by National Geographic)
- Batu Caves, Malaysia - These caves have been used by English and Chinese settlers as well as the indigenous Temuan people. The bat guano in the cave was mined for agricultural purposes, but now the cave is filled with statues and is open to visitors. (photo by Danny Xeero)
- Marble Caves, Patagonia - Theses caves are known for the spectacular reflections that the turquoise water casts on the white marble ceiling of the cave. They are also called the Marble Cathedral because of their beautiful and arching forms. (photo by kellywhite)
- Phraya Nakhon Cave, Thailand - This cave was historically a popular visiting place for local kings because of the illumination provided by the collapsed roofs. The pavilion in the center was built for the visit of King Chulalongkorn in 1890. (photo by Wasitpol Unchanakorrakit)
- Ellison’s Cave, United States - This photograph is of the Fantastic Cave pit, part of Ellison’s Cave in the state of Georgia. It is a popular attraction for pit cavers – those who enjoy rappelling down vertical subterranean drops. (photo by secondglobe.com)
- Vatnajokull Glacier Cave, Iceland - This cave is located in the largest glacier in Europe. Caves like these form due to melting glacial icewater, but they can be dangerous because glaciers are constantly breaking and changing. (photo by Einar Runar Sigurdson)
- Cave in Algarve, Portugal - Due to its location, the cave is prone to various seaside formations because of the rock face’s relative solubility in water. This specific cave near Lagos is accessible only by water. (photo by Bruno Carlos)
- Reed Flute Cave, China - The Reed Flute Cave in Guangxi, China has been visited by tourists for at least 1200 years. The cave is home to a spectacular array of stalagmites and stalactites. It is named for the reeds that grow at its mouth, which can be made into flutes. (photo by Pasquale di Pilato)
Today I gave a presentation on the history of Chinese feminism from the mid-19th century to now and at the end when I was taking questions, one of the business majors in the class actually asked “why does this matter?” Umm because Chinese women have a long history of overcoming patriarchy and having their grassroots movements co-opted by male power structures and often turned against them and also because women exist, you dumb shit?
She did her presentation on Chinese neocolonialism in Africa and called Africa a “hopeless continent” without foreign investment at one point.
ROYALTY MEME: one of twelve kings/queens: Queen Zenobia of Palmyra
Zenobia (Bat-Zabbai; 240 - c. 275) was a 3rd-century Queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Roman Syria. She claimed to be a descendant of Cleopatra VII of Egypt, Dido of Carthage and Semiramis. She was breathtakingly beautiful, intelligent and was said to be even more beautiful than Cleopatra. She was a skilled rider, hunter and on occasions she drank along with her officers. She was well-educated and was fluent in Greek, Aramaic, Egyptian and Latin. Zenobia became queen when her husband, Odaenathus, the ruler of the Palmyrene Empire, and his son, Hairan, were assassinated in 267. Upon their deaths, Zenobia ruled as a regent in the stead of her infant son, Vaballathus. In her time as a regent, she made herself notable as a warrior queen, launching a number of offensives against neighbouring countries - arguably she was the greatest female conqueror that has ever lived. In 269, Zenobia conquered Eqypt, expelled the Roman authorities there and ruled as Queen of Egypt until 274 when she and her son were captured by the Roman Emperor Aurelian. As a part of Aurelian’s victory parade, Zenobia reportedly was paraded in gold chains through Rome. From there, the fate of Zenobia is uncertain. Some versions suggest that she died soon after her arrival in Rome, where others claim that Aurelian, overwhelmed by her beauty and dignity, offered her an elegant villa in Tibur where she lived in luxury and became a prominent philosopher (read more).
my new years resolution that I’m working up to has to be something like: be/look more severe, detached. get better at knife throwing. begin falconry apprenticeship. read all three volumes of Capital.